We Are Making Ebola Outbreaks Worse By Cutting Down Forests


Originally posted on HumansinShadow.wordpress.com:

Mother Jones

We Are Making Ebola Outbreaks Worse By Cutting Down Forests

Epidemiologists explain how human activity helps spread the deadly virus in West Africa.

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How Blue Eyes Originated!


Close-up of a blue-eyed koala

Close-up of a blue-eyed koala (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

How Blue eyes Originated

 

http://aworldchaos.wordpress.com/2013/05/03/how-blue-eyes-originated/#more-19788

PicMonkey Collage

Everyone with blue eyes alive today – from Angelina Jolie to Wayne Rooney – can trace their ancestry back to one person who probably lived about 10,000 years ago in the Black Sea region, a study has found. Scientists studying the genetics of eye colour have discovered that more than 99.5 per cent of blue-eyed people who volunteered to have their DNA analysed have the same tiny mutation in the gene that determines the colour of the iris.

 

This indicates that the mutation originated in just one person who became the ancestor of all subsequent people in the world with blue eyes, according to a study by Professor Hans Eiberg and colleagues at the University of Copenhagen.

The scientists are not sure when the mutation occurred but other evidence suggested it probably arose about 10,000 years ago when there was a rapid expansion of the human population in Europe as a result of the spread of agriculture from the Middle East.

“The mutations responsible for blue eye colour most likely originate from the north-west part of the Black Sea region, where the great agricultural migration of the northern part of Europe took place in the Neolithic periods about 6,000 to 10,000 years ago,” the researchers report in the journal Human Genetics.

Professor Eiberg said that brown is the “default” colour for human eyes which results from a build-up of the dark skin pigment, melanin. However, in northern Europe a mutation arose in a gene known as OCA2 that disrupted melanin production in the iris and caused the eye colour to become blue.

“Originally, we all had brown eyes,” said Professor Eiberg. “But a genetic mutation affecting the OCA2 gene in our chromosomes resulted in the creation of a ‘switch’ which literally turned off the ability to produce brown eyes.”

Variations in the colour of people’s eyes can be explained by the amount of melanin in the iris, but blue-eyed individuals only have a small degree of variation in the amount of melanin in their eyes, he said.

“From this we can conclude that all blue-eyed individuals are linked to the same ancestor. They have all inherited the same switch at exactly the same spot in their DNA,” said Professor Eiberg.

Men and women with blue eyes have almost exactly the same genetic sequence in the part of the DNA responsible for eye colour. However, brown-eyed people, by contrast, have a considerable amount of individual variation in that area of DNA.

Professor Eiberg said he has analysed the DNA of about 800 people with blue eyes, ranging from fair-skinned, blond-haired Scandinavians to dark-skinned, blue-eyed people living in Turkey and Jordan.

“All of them, apart from possibly one exception, had exactly the same DNA sequence in the region of the OCA2 gene. This to me indicates very strongly that there must have been a single, common ancestor of all these people,” he said.

It is not known why blue eyes spread among the population of northern Europe and southern Russia. Explanations include the suggestions that the blue eye colour either offered some advantage in the long hours of daylight in the summer, or short hours of daylight in winter, or that the trait was deemed attractive and therefore advantageous in terms of sexual selection.

Source The Independent

Mortality Increase From Alzheimer´s Disease in U.S. within last 10 Years


Talesfromthelou’s Blog – copied:

Mortality Increase From Alzheimer’s Disease in the United States within the last 10 Years. Data for 2000 and 2010

Fascinating data from the Center for Disease Control.  A generation ago we could not even spell Alzheimer’s. It now looks like we are facing an avalanche of seniors losing their minds, and their lives, in later years.  You better believe that I will be looking for all preventative methods and cures for this dreaded degeneration of the brain.  I have seen what it does and it has no dignity. Lou

Alzheimer’s disease is the sixth leading cause of death in the United States

NCHS Data Briefs Update.

In 2010, Alzheimer’s disease was the underlying cause for a total of 83,494 deaths and was classified as a contributing cause for an additional 26,488 deaths. Mortality from Alzheimer’s disease has steadily increased during the last 30 years. Alzheimer’s disease is the sixth leading cause of death in the United States and the fifth leading cause for people aged 65 years and over. An estimated 5.4 million persons in the United States have Alzheimer’s disease. The cost of health care for people with Alzheimer’s disease and other dementia was estimated to be 200 billion dollars in 2012, including 140 billion dollars in costs to Medicare and Medicaid and is expected to reach 1.1 trillion dollars in 2050.

Alzheimer’s disease mortality varies by age, sex, race, Hispanic origin, and geographic area. This report presents mortality data on Alzheimer’s disease based on data from the National Vital Statistics System from 2000 through 2010, the most recent year for which detailed data are available.

Key findings

Data from the National Vital Statistics System

  • The age-adjusted death rate from Alzheimer’s disease increased by 39 percent from 2000 through 2010 in the United States.
  • Alzheimer’s disease is the sixth leading cause of death in the United States and is the fifth leading cause among people aged 65 years and over. People aged 85 years and over have a 5.4 times greater risk of dying from Alzheimer’s disease than people aged 75–84 years.
  • The risk of dying from Alzheimer’s disease is 26 percent higher among the non-Hispanic white population than among the non-Hispanic black population, whereas the Hispanic population has a 30 percent lower risk than the non-Hispanic white population.
  • In 2010, among all states and the District of Columbia, 31 states showed death rates from Alzheimer’s disease that were above the national rate (25.1).

Keywords: dementia, National Vital Statistics System, death rate, aging

Alzheimer’s disease mortality increased compared with selected major causes of death.

Figure 1 is a bar chart showing percent change in age-adjusted death rates for the selected causes of death between 2000 and 2010.

Full article:

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/databriefs/db116.htm

Related articles

Love is a great barrier


Originally posted on advocatemmmohan aksharaalu:

Come like a rain

to quench the thrust of  love

Heal the cracked soul from it’s burns

No more waitings 

Subdued volcano burst in to sky at any time

Love is not the game to play 

Love is a great barrier/bond to stop the outburst of lives                                                                                                                                                                  ………………….advocatemmmohan

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Watch the Heart-Stopping Rescue of Two Sea Turtles From a Meat Hunter


Originally posted on My Blog OceansSpirit:

Watch the Heart-Stopping Rescue of Two Sea Turtles From a Meat Hunter

The slow-moving reptiles were left onshore to suffocate to death.

 http://www.takepart.com/video/2014/08/27/watch-heart-stopping-rescue-two-sea-turtles-meat-hunter?cmpid=longtailshare

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Dänemark gilt als Vorzeigeland für Schweinehaltung, aber:


Originally posted on Schwein gehabt?:

cover[1]

Dänemark gilt als Vorzeigeland für Schweinehaltung, aber:

Mindestens 24 % der Schweine leben in chronischen Schmerzzuständen

Autopsien haben gezeigt, woran die Tiere zu Lebzeiten gelitten hatten:

  • Gebrochene (hintere) Gliedmaßen

  • Schmerzhafte, verbrauchte, verschlissene Gelenke

  • Chronische Knochenentzündungen und andere Beinabnormitäten

  • Überdehnte oder gerissene Ligamente (zumeist wenig dehnbare, faserartige Bindegewebsstränge, die Knochen mit Knochen verbinden)

  • Ausgekugelte und verstauche Gelenkkapseln

  • Arthritis

Die Sterblichkeitsrate unter den Sauen steigt unentwegt an, im gleichen Maße wie die Fruchtbarkeitsrate.

Und dies, obwohl 45% der Schweine getötet werden, bevor sie ihren zweiten Wurf erleben.

Ein Mutterschwein in Dänemark wirft im Jahresdurchschnitt ca. 25 Ferkel; das sind mehr als zweimal so viel wie vor 20 Jahren. Die Schweine erreichen ihr Schlachtgewicht nach 4 bis 5 Monaten. Das ist die Hälfte der Zeit, die sie vor 20 Jahren brauchten. Die Industrie arbeitet daran, die Fruchtbarkeitsrate auf 30 Ferkel pro Jahr/Sau zu erhöhen.

33% aller geschlachteten Schweine erhielten ungünstige Kommentare…

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Cause of global warming hiatus found deep in the Atlantic Ocean


Originally posted on My Blog OceansSpirit:

WATER WORLD

Cause of global warming hiatus found deep in the Atlantic Ocean
by Staff Writers
Seattle WA (SPX) Aug 25, 2014


Contact: Hannah Hickey
hickeyh@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Atlantic Ocean and Global Average Temperatures

Caption: (Top) Global average surface temperatures, where black dots are yearly averages. Two flat periods (hiatus) are separated by rapid warming from 1976-1999. (Middle) Observations of heat content, compared to the average, in the north Atlantic Ocean. (Bottom) Salinity of the seawater in the same part of the Atlantic. Higher salinity is seen to coincide with more ocean heat storage.

Credit: K. Tung / Univ. of Washington

(Top) Global average surface temperatures, where black dots are yearly averages. Two flat periods (hiatus) are separated by rapid warming from 1976-1999. (Middle) Observations of heat content, compared to the average, in the north Atlantic Ocean. (Bottom) Salinity of the seawater in the same part of the Atlantic. Higher…

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“International Ocean film festival comes to Britain” TheGuardian


Originally posted on My Blog OceansSpirit:

International Ocean film festival comes to Britain

From the uplifting story of a paralysed surfer to terrifying tales of adventure gone wrong, we take a look at the sea-themed short films that will be touring UK venues from Cornwall to Inverness

swimming dolphins.jpg

The wonders of the world’s oceans will be on show in venues all over Britain in September and October at the International Ocean film festival. Originally from Australia, the festival features a selection of 11 of the world’s most captivating ocean-themed short films, put together into a two-hour evening of divers, surfers, swimmers and sea creatures. To whet your appetite, check out stills from a selection of the films. The festival starts on 4 September in Truro, Cornwall, and will tour 17 towns and cities until 30 October. For tickets, times and venues see oceanfilmfestival.co.uk

Duct Tape Surfing

Duct tape surfing

Eighteen…

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Using Body Mechanics for Dealing with Arthritis


Using Body Mechanics for Dealing with Arthritis

10/19/2013

Arthritis is a top reason why many people fifteen years and older have disabilities. The good news is that there are a lot of natural and easy things that you can apply in order to live easily and pain free with the disease.

Only a few may realize this but observing the right body mechanics can help you manage arthritis. The way you handle your body greatly affects the degree of joint strain. With the right body mechanics you can conserve more energy and use your body to the utmost level. For example, when your job requires you to sit for long periods you need to have the proper table or chair height. The necessary work surface height is two inches below bent elbows. See to it that when you have established the right height you must have good foot and back support while sitting. When working with keyboard for long hours, see to it that your chair has arms or your table has forearm or wrist support. You should also increase you seat’s height to lessen hip and knee stress when standing up and sitting down.

Moreover, when you are standing, your work surface must be comfortable enough in a way that you are not forced to stoop. Arthritic patients also need to consider proper body mechanics when lifting objects or getting things on the floor. When reaching for item on the floor, hips and knees need to be bent while stooping. Or for worst cases, sit on a chair and then bend over to pick the item up. Carrying objects can be a hard task for arthritic patients. This is why when doing so you need to carry heavy items closer to your chest in order to support the weight of your forearms. Always maintain proper posture otherwise your muscles and ligaments can be strained with the improper weight distribution.

A person with arthritis experiences joint pain especially when maintaining the same position for a long time. As a friendly reminder, you should not provide any chance for your joints to become stiff. As much as possible you need to keep them moving. When you are writing, drawing, typing, or doing any handwork, make it a habit to release your grip every ten to fifteen minutes. When you are driving for long periods or watching television, stretch out every hour and move around.

Apart from maintaining the right body mechanic, you also need to balance rest periods and activities every day. Managing these efficiently can help you avoid overworking your joints.  Avoid rushing things and work steadily and moderately. Rest with intervals to avoid being fatigued or sore. Periodic breaks for stretching is very much.

Surviving arthritis is also about saving and using the stronger joint. Your weakest joint has to be saved or certain simple and light jobs. Through day, you can make use of large joints. An example would be using your palms to carry objects. Rather than lifting object you can always use equipments or tools to help you move heavy items.

http://www.healthhotsolution.com/10/category/using%20body%20mechanics%20for%20dealing%20with%20arthritis/1.html

“Human Enhancement” Kyo Nissho


Human enhancement.

Human is one of the phenomena.

There is universality in all phenomenon.

Human can sense existence of the cause
of a higher rank more
taking advantage of own universality.

Human’s universality is related to
various things’s universality of universe.

In order to react to the cause of a higher rank more,
the free imaginative power manifesting the possibility of
activity is used.
It is named a reaction system.

It is an effect of awakening.

The possibility of survival arises in the range
of the reaction system.
Therefore,
the reaction system is one axis which crosses
development in the world.

The process responding to universality
by the free reaction system
is a human enhancement about survival.

About a flow,
if there are a system of the concept
which human can act,
and given awakening which makes activity possible,
human enhancement will arise.

(C) Copyright 2014 Kyo Nissho. All rights reserved.

Monsanto’s Worst Nightmare Coming True: The Rise of GMO Labeling


Monsanto’s Worst Nightmare Coming True: The Rise of GMO Labeling

By Christina Sarich

Activists against GMOs just might take down the biotech giants after all. GMO labeling could soon be a sweet reality.

Last week, Colorado broke a new record by bringing 16,950 signatures to a GMO labeling campaign for fall’s election, more than double the qualifying signatures needed to make sure that GMO labeling is on the ballot. This huge message to Monsanto accompanies a similar campaign in Oregon, all while the biotech industry awaits approval from the U.S. Department of Agriculture for more Agent Orange chemicals (2,4-D) to be used where glyphosate has failed.

Incredibly, the USDA is ignoring Americans as well as scientists who say that being carpet-bombed with 176 million pounds of toxic pesticides is not only unfathomable, but intolerable. No one wants these carcinogenic, birth-defect-causing toxins created by biotech companies and seed monopolizers anymore.
It is the best time, if ever, to stand up to Monsanto and Dow Chemical’s toxic products in the marketplace. You can speak out and join the fight. Oregon and California need your help, and so does the rest of the world fighting these GMO-pushers.Finally, Monsanto has to fight GMO labeling fronts simultaneously in two different states. It is the company’s worst nightmare – come true. Surely, Monsanto was hoping people would give up and just back down as they continue to buy out Congress, the FDA, and even Supreme Court judges. But instead, it just fueled grassroots efforts all the more.

Dr. Bronner’s and Dr. Mercola are also getting behind the action with a 3 to 1 promise to match donations to fight Monsanto and GMO in the next week. You can use the link below to contribute.

Triple your impact before time runs out – we need to hear from you today.

Despite Monsanto’s big pockets and constant threats – even threatening to sue the state of Vermont for instating a GMO labeling law, people are standing up. You don’t have to be an ‘expert,’ either. You can be a farmer that has watched your crops fail, or your animals suffer from eating GMO feed. You can be a concerned mom, or a citizen who simply wants to know what is in the food.

We all can gather together to make an urgent and unprecedented move against Monsanto. We’re gaining the much needed momentum we needed.

Already, Monsanto and their corporate front groups are panicking at the idea of having to face down active campaigns in TWO major states. The food movement is shaking their boots at what we have accomplished. Don’t’ give up yet!

This article was published at NationofChange at: http://www.nationofchange.org/monsanto-s-worst-nightmare-coming-true-rise-gmo-labeling-1409145874. All rights are reserved.

“s´ist Krieg! ´s ist Krieg!” Kriegslied Matthias Claudius


Originally posted on HumansinShadow.wordpress.com:

Schrecken des Krieges von Goya

Kriegslied (Matthias Claudius)

‘s ist Krieg! ‘s ist Krieg!
O Gottes Engel wehre,
Und rede Du darein!
‘s ist leider Krieg –
und ich begehre
Nicht schuld daran zu sein!

Was sollt ich machen, wenn im Schlaf mit Grämen
Und blutig, bleich und blaß,
Die Geister der Erschlagenen zu mir kämen,
Und vor mir weinten, was?

Wenn wackre Männer, die sich Ehre suchten,
Verstümmelt und halb tot
Im Staub sich vor mir wälzten und mir fluchten
In ihrer Todesnot?

Wenn tausend tausend Väter, Mütter, Bräute,
So glücklich vor dem Krieg,
Nun alle elend, alle arme Leute,
Wehklagten über mich?

Wenn Hunger, böse Seuch und ihre Nöten
Freund, Freund und Feind ins Grab
Versammelten und mir zu Ehren krähten
Von einer Leich herab?

Was hülf mir Kron und Land und Gold und Ehre?
Die könnten mich nicht freun!
‘s ist leider Krieg – und ich begehre

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