“Brutality to animals is cruelty to mankind –
it is only the difference in the victim.”
– Alphonse de Lamartine, 1847
- Is Ten’s viral Kekovich video part of a commercial deal with MLA? (mumbrella.com.au)
- Sam Kekovich gets Lambnesia in this year’s MLA Australia Day campaign (mumbrella.com.au)
- Was Kekovich really treated with a frozen chop? (mumbrella.com.au)
- McDonald’s Indulges Australia’s Ignorance (gawker.com)
The Unseen War On American Family Farms
he movie tells the story of small, family farmers providing safe, healthy foods to their communities who were forced to stop, often through violent action, by agents of misguided government bureaucracies. The movie succinctly poses and addresses the question “why is this happening in 21st century America?”January 10, 2013
A very powerful and relevant example of the continued biological fallout of the revolutionary shift to agricultural society ten thousand years ago, and the decision to “domesticate” animal species to exploit for human purposes. Since that decisive historical watershed, human “evolution” in fact has been a long co-evolution with other animals. Animals shape our lives and history as we share theirs, but as the victims of human domination they have borne a tragic toll and catastrophic cost due to the implacably violent nature and hyper-alienated mindset of Homo rapiens. But in the vast web of ecology and the infinite dialectic of action-reaction, the debt of destruction is soon to be paid in even more astronomical terms. For all our scientific, technological, and cultural brilliance, humans have yet to learn that they can never overshoot their boundaries, disrupt and destroy animal communities, or relentlessly assault the earth without catastrophic consequences. Here is just one such well-known example, vividly demonstrating that hubristic humans have “mastered” nothing on this planet and that violation of the laws of ecology carries the most severe penalties.
CONNECTION BETWEEN HUMAN ANIMAL NATURE EVIDENT:
David Quammen, Yale Environment 360, October 4, 2012,
The Next Pandemic: Why It Will Come from Wildlife
Experts believe the next deadly human pandemic will almost certainly be a virus that spills over from wildlife to humans. The reasons why have a lot to do with the frenetic pace with which we are destroying wild places and disrupting ecosystems.
Emerging diseases are in the news again. Scary viruses are making themselves noticed and felt. There’s been a lot of that during the past several months — West Nile fever kills 17 people in the Dallas area, three tourists succumb to hantavirus after visiting Yosemite National Park, an Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo claims 33 lives. A separate Ebola outbreak, across the border in Uganda, registers a death toll of 17. A peculiar new coronavirus, related to SARS, proves fatal for a Saudi man and puts a Qatari into critical condition, while disease scientists all over the world wonder: Is this one — or is that one — going to turn into the Next Big One?
By the Next Big One, I mean a murderous pandemic that sweeps around the planet, killing millions of people, as the so-called “Spanish” influenza did in 1918-19, as AIDS has been doing in slower motion, and as SARS might have done in 2003 if it hadn’t been stopped by fast science, rigorous measures of public health, and luck. Experts I’ve interviewed over the past six years generally agree that such a Next Big One is not only possible but probable. They agree that it will almost certainly be a zoonotic disease — one that emerges from wildlife — and that the causal agent will most likely be a virus. They agree that sheer human abundance, density, and interconnectedness make us highly vulnerable. Our population now stands above seven billion, after all, a vast multitude of potential victims, many of us living at close quarters in big cities, traveling quickly and often from place to place, sharing infections with one another; and there are dangerous new viruses lately emerging against which we haven’t been immunized. Another major pandemic seems as logically inevitable as the prospect that a very dry, very thick forest will eventually burn.
That raises serious issues in the realm of health policy, preparedness, and medical response. It also suggests a few urgent questions on the scientific side — we might even say, the conservation side — of the discussion. Those questions, in simplest form, are: Where? How? and Why? Addressing them is crucial to understanding the dynamics of emerging diseases, and understanding is crucial to preparedness and response.
First question: From where will the Next Big One emerge? Answer, as I’ve noted: Most likely from wildlife. It will be a zoonosis — an animal infection that spills over into humans.
Everything comes from somewhere. New human diseases don’t arrive from Mars. Notwithstanding the vivid anxieties of The Andromeda Strain (1969) and other such fictions, lethal microbes don’t arrive on contaminated satellites returning from deep space. (Or anyway, knock wood, they haven’t so far.) They emerge from nonhuman animals, earthly ones, and spill over into human populations, catching hold, replicating, sometimes adapting and prospering, then passing onward from human to human.
According to one study, 58 percent of all pathogen species infecting humans are zoonotic. Another study found that 72 percent of all recently emerged zoonotic pathogens have come from wildlife. That list includes According to one study, 72 percent of all recently emerged zoonotic pathogens have come from wildlife. everything from Ebola and Marburg and the HIVs and the influenzas to West Nile virus, monkeypox, and the SARS bug.
In Malaysia, a virus called Nipah spilled over from fruit bats in 1998. Its route into humans was indirect but efficient: The bats fed in fruit trees overshadowing factory-scale pigsties; the bat droppings carried virus, which infected many pigs; the virus replicated abundantly in the pigs, and from them infected piggery workers and employees at abattoirs. That outbreak killed 109 people and ended with the culling of 1.1 million pigs.
Second question: How do such pathogens get into humans? The particulars are various but the general answer is: contact. Contact equals opportunity, and the successful pathogens are those that seize opportunities to proliferate and to spread, not just from one host to another but from one kind of host to another.
Wild aquatic birds defecate in a village duck pond, passing a new strain of influenza to domestic ducks; the ducks pass it to a Chinese boy charged with their care, after which the boy passes it to his brother and sister. A man in Cameroon butchers a chimpanzee and, elbow deep in its blood, acquires a simian virus that becomes HIV-1. A miner in Uganda enters a shaft filled with bats carrying Marburg virus and, somehow, by ingesting or breathing bat wastes, gets infected. Contact between people and wildlife, sometime direct, sometimes with livestock as intermediaries, presents opportunities for their infections to become ours.
Third question: Why do such spillovers seem to be happening now more than ever? There’s been a steady drumbeat of new zoonotic viruses We are interacting with wild animals and disrupting the ecosystems they inhabit to an unprecedented degree. emerging into the human population within recent decades: Machupo (1961), Marburg (1967), Lassa (1969), Ebola (1976), HIV-1 (inferred in 1981, first isolated in 1983), HIV-2 (1986), Sin Nombre (the first-recognized American hantavirus, 1993), Hendra (1994), the strain of influenza called “avian flu” (1997), Nipah (1998), West Nile (1999), SARS (2003), and others. These are not independent events. They are parts of a pattern. They reflect things that we’re doing, not just things that are happening to us.
What we’re doing is interacting with wild animals and disrupting the ecosystems that they inhabit — all to an unprecedented degree. Of course, humans have always killed wildlife and disrupted ecosystems, clearing and fragmenting forests, converting habitat into cropland and settlement, adding livestock to the landscape, driving native species toward extinction, introducing exotics. But now that there are seven billion of us on the planet, with greater tools, greater hungers, greater mobility, we’re pressing into the wild places like never before, and one of the things that we’re finding there is… new infections. And once we’ve acquired a new infection, the chance of spreading it globally is also greater than ever.
We cut our way through the Congo. We cut our way through the Amazon. We cut our way through Borneo and Madagascar and northeastern Australia. We shake the trees, figuratively and literally, and things fall out. We kill and butcher and eat many of the wild animals found there. We settle in those places, creating villages, work camps, towns, extractive Evolution seizes opportunity, explores possibilities, and helps convert spillovers to pandemics. industries, new cities. We bring in our domesticated animals, replacing the wild herbivores with livestock. We multiply our livestock as we’ve multiplied ourselves, operating huge factory-scale operations such as the piggeries in Malaysia, into which Nipah virus fell from the bats feeding in fruit trees planted nearby, after the bats’ native forest habitats had been destroyed. We export and import livestock across great distances and at high speeds. We export and import other live animals, especially primates, for medical research. We export and import animal skins, exotic pets, contraband bushmeat, and plants, some of which carry secret microbial passengers.
We travel, moving between cities and continents even more quickly than our transported livestock. We eat in restaurants where the cook may have butchered a porcupine before working on our scallops. We visit monkey temples in Asia, live markets in India, picturesque villages in South America, dusty archeological sites in New Mexico, dairy towns in the Netherlands, bat caves in East Africa, racetracks in Australia — breathing the air, feeding the animals, touching things, shaking hands with the friendly locals — and then we jump on our planes and fly home. We get bit by mosquitoes and ticks. We alter the global climate with our carbon emissions, which may in turn alter the latitudinal ranges within which those mosquitoes and ticks live. We provide an irresistible opportunity for enterprising microbes by the ubiquity and abundance of our human bodies.
For decades, deadly outbreaks of cholera were attributed to the spread of disease through poor sanitation. But recent research demonstrates how closely cholera is tied to environmental and hydrological factors and to weather patterns — all of which may lead to more frequent cholera outbreaks as the world warms.
Everything I’ve just mentioned is encompassed within this rubric: the ecology and evolutionary biology of zoonotic diseases. Ecological circumstance provides opportunity for spillover. Evolution seizes opportunity, explores possibilities, and helps convert spillovers to pandemics. But the majesty of the sheer biological phenomena involved is no consolation for the human miseries, the deaths, and the current level of risk.
There are things that can be done — research, vigilance, anticipation, fast and effective response — to stave off or at least mitigate the Next Big One. My point here is different. My point is about human ecology, not human medicine. It behooves us to remember that we too are animals, interconnected with the rest of earthly biota by shared diseases, among other ways. We should recall that salubriuous biblical warning from the Book of Proverbs: “He that troubleth his own house shall inherit the wind.” The planet is our home, but not ours only, and we’d be wise to tread a little more lightly within this wonderful, germy world.
- Indonesia: Ebola, Marburg found in Kalimantan’s orangutans (crofsblogs.typepad.com)
- Indonesia: No evidence of Ebola in orangutans (crofsblogs.typepad.com)
- New virus in Africa looks like rabies, acts like Ebola (vitals.nbcnews.com)
- The looming zoonotic danger (globalpublicsquare.blogs.cnn.com)
- A new virus that appears similar to rabies, but has the symptoms and lethality of Ebola, Bas-Congo virus. (familysurvivalprotocol.com)
- Spillover: Animal Infections and the Next Human Pandemic by David Quammen – review (guardian.co.uk)
- Deadly Viruses That Threaten Human Survival (readersupportednews.org)
- Killers on the loose: the deadly viruses that threaten human survival (guardian.co.uk)
- Quammen: Anticipating the next pandemic (crofsblogs.typepad.com)
Veröffentlicht am Donnerstag, 10. November 2011 09:50
Die Kampagne der internationalen Tierschutzorganisation VIER POTEN zeigt Wirkung: Deutsche Supermarktketten weigern sich inzwischen geschlossen, das Fleisch kranker Gänse aus den Käfigbatterien der ungarischen Stopfleberindustrie zu verkaufen.
In der Gastronomie sieht es jedoch anders aus. In der scheinbaren Anonymität verschwinden nun Unmengen des minderwertigen Stopffleisches. Gerade jetzt zum Martinstag (11. November) ist deshalb besondere Vorsicht angebracht. VIER PFOTEN empfiehlt, sich in Restaurants, Gasthäusern oder anderen Gastronomiebetrieben immer die Packung mit dem Produzenten und dessen EWG-Nummer zeigen zu lassen. „Weigert sich der Wirt oder kontert mit Ausreden, ist die Herkunft aus Tierquälerei sicher“, so Kampagnenleiter Marcus Müller von VIER PFOTEN.
Die Stopfmast, die in Deutschland streng verboten ist, produziert jährlich Millionen kranker verfetteter Gänse. Die Tiere werden mehrmals täglich mit Gewalt gestopft, bis die Leber völlig verfettet und zehnfach angeschwollen ist. „Diese Tiere sind todkrank und das Fleisch gehört eher in den Sondermüll als auf den Teller“, so Marcus Müller von VIER PFOTEN. Zusätzlich werden viele der Gänse vor der Stopfmast auch noch bei lebendigem Leib gerupft, um Profit mit den Daunen der Tiere zu machen. Dabei werden die Gänse brutal zwischen den Beinen eingeklemmt und bei vollem Bewusstsein völlig kahl gerupft und dabei schwer verletzt. Das Fleisch dieser armen Kreaturen landet inzwischen fast ausschließlich in der Gastronomie, weshalb VIER PFOTEN die Gastronomieverbände auffordert, ein klares Zeichen für den Tierschutz zu setzen und sich zu den strengen heimischen Gesetzen zu bekennen. Diese werden durch die Fleischbeschaffung aus den ungarischen Stopfmastfarmen umgangen. Dabei gibt es längst Alternativen: in den Hauptproduktionsländern Ungarn und Polen verzichten bereits genügend Produzenten auf Stopfmast und Lebendrupf und lassen sich durch VIER PFOTEN jederzeit unangemeldet kontrollieren.
VIER PFOTEN stellt ständig aktualisierte Listen mit positiven und negativen Produzenten online. So kann der Gast sofort feststellen, was zum Martinstag wirklich aufgetischt wird. Diese und weitere Infos sind auf www.vier-pfoten.de abrufbar.
Surprising Changes in Per Capita American Food Consumption
“It is not government’s job to mandate responsibility on
our behalf. We have the intelligence and good sense to
make wise consumption choices for ourselves and our
children. It is up to us to do what is best for our
health and our children’s health.
– Michael Crapo (U.S. Senator from Idaho)
What’s happened to meat and dairy consumption
during the 2-decade period between 1990 and 2010?
According to the United States Department of
Per capita consumption of red meat dropped from
119.4 pounds to 111.7 pounds.
Per capita consumption of chicken increased from
60.6 pounds to 80.0 pounds.
Per capita consumption of liquid milk dropped from
233.3 pounds to 203.4 pounds.
Per capita consumption of cheese rose from
38 pounds to 43.6 pounds.
Bad publicity and real science about milk most
certainly contributed to the decline, but consumers
have been scared into eating additional cheese by
those people who market and promote dairy products
by using calcium scare tactics.
What a mistake! I should have simultaneously become the
UnCheeseman at the same time I became the NotMilkman.
Clearly, the animal rights movement is not waging
a very effective campaign. After first becoming involved
in the AR movement in 1995, I’ve noted how AR groups
have focused upon the plight of abused chickens.
From 1995 until 2000, activists and lobbyists have
increased their altruistic efforts in creating greater
public awareness of the horrible nature in which
chickens live and die. How they are de-beaked. How they
are confined. How they are killed without first being
stunned. By promoting compassionate slaughter laws,
AR organizations have relieved the guilt of chicken
eaters, who now enjoy eating more chicken by supposedly
doing so compassionately.
While red meat consumption has declined by 6.54 percent,
chicken consumption has increased by 32.3 percent!
Overall, the consumption of red meat and chicken
resulted in a combined increase over the past 20
years from 180 pounds per person to 191.7 pounds
per person. That represents a 6.5 percent increase.
Since ten pounds of milk are required to produce one
pound of hard cheese, the dairy “influence” has increased
from 613.3 pounds of liquid milk plus the milk required to
produce the cheese to a whopping 639.4 pounds per person
which represents an actual 4.25 percent increase.
As for the animal rights movement, ask yourself why it is
that total meat and chicken consumption and total dairy
and cheese consumption have increased during the past
20 years? Are the dollars altruistic people donate to
animal rights groups being wasted by huge AR salaries
and groups that make animal welfare their priority?
Larger cages and easier ways for animals to die show
results which A.R. groups distort. The proof is in the
(Note: Yorkshire pudding is made with milk, eggs,
and fat drippings from the roasted beast.)
Starling Zinging in the Dead of Night
Have you ever observed a spider weave its web around a struggling fly? Have you ever watched a bird pull a worm from its hole in the ground? Have you ever witnessed a cat stalking a bird? All of the above are nature’s way in which animals live and die. These trapping, hunting, and eating behaviors are natural life and death experiences for insects, birds, and feral felines. Feral felines sometimes stalk, catch, and eat starling birds.
Dairy farmers face many challenges, one of which is dealing with starling birds. Wisconsin horizons are often darkened by flocks of these hungry winged vertebrates. Starlings become more than a nuisance to dairymen. What they steal from feedlots is later deposited as gooey starling droppings on barnyard fences and machinery. A flock consisting of thousands of starlings simultaneously descends upon open feed troughs and then spread salmonella and other bacteria to cows as they share the cow’s rations.
The United States Department of Agriculture has created a ghastly end of life scenario for these birds.
Death By Poisoning There is a toxin that is designed to kill starlings by destroying their kidney function. This clever biological weapon is called DRC-1339. The active ingredient, representing 97% of the product is 3-chloro-4-methylbenzamine hydrochloride. Starlings die horrible deaths from this poison. So too do feral starling-eating felines.
Dairy Business promoted the clever invention of Todd Weitzman, president and owner of Bird Gard. Bird Gard mimics the sounds of starlings in distress and hearing those cries, starlings do a 180 degree turn and head somewhere else. This new product neither kills nor poisons birds, and it is a welcome relief from past practices. See:
“Autism is the fastest growing developmental
disability in our nation.”
– Mary Bono
Notmilk has previously reported a dairy link to autism,
blaming a naturally occurring opiate in dairy products,
casomorphin (also found in organic milk and raw milk)
to attention deficit order and autism. See:
I have been away from my home base for about 14 days,
and before I left, four readers responded to a Notmilk
column by asking:
I had not heard of one, but I investigated the issue.
Here is what was found:
The August, 2011 issue of the journal of Occupational
and Behavioral Medicine included a study in which
behavioral impairment in children was correlated
to levels of excreted pesticide residues in their urine.
Researchers at the University of Florida (Xu, et. al.)
determined that groups of children with low and high
trichlorophenol levels and high trichlorophenol had a
higher level of behavioral impairment than children
who tested for levels below the limits of detection.
Trichlorophenol pesticides are presently not regulated by
the Food and Drug Admistation. You can buy one metric ton
for about $1,000 plus shipping directly to your door.
Consider: It’s in the milk and 40% of our diet is dairy.
Consider: 10 Lbs. of milk are needed to make 1 Lb. of cheese.
Consider: 12 Lbs. of milk are needed to make 1 Lb. of ice cream.
Consider: 21 Lbs. of milk are needed to make 1 Lb. of butter.
Do you ever get a “brain fog?” If you continue to
consume dairy, do you doubt that dairy affects adults
in the same manner it might affect children, or do you
imagine that age offers one an immunity from opiates
Children sometimes get autism.
Adults sometimes get “duh” moments.