Die Rote Liste der IUCN: Hier leben die am meisten gefährdeten Tiere der Welt


Die Rote Liste der IUCN: Hier leben die am meisten gefährdeten Tiere der Welt

Julia Seise vor 4 Std.
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Dramatically Endangered Chimps may experience drastic Habitat Loss within 5 Years


FLORA AND FAUNA

Endangered chimps may experience drastic habitat loss within 5 years
by Staff Writers
Washington DC (SPX) Jan 23, 2015


“Ngambe” is a chimpanzee rescued from illegal animal trafficking who now lives at the Limbe Wildlife Center in Cameroon. Image courtesy Paul Sesink Clee.

Dramatic habitat loss by 2020 threatens the population of the planet’s most endangered chimp subspecies, according to research published in BMC Evolutionary Biology. The work suggests that climate change could do more harm to chimpanzee populations than previously realised.

The Nigeria-Cameroon Chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes ellioti) is the most endangered of all chimpanzee subspecies in the world, with only about 6,000 individuals estimated in the wild. While their habitats are already threatened by logging, agriculture and illegal hunting, few studies have looked at the possible effects of climate change.

First author Paul Sesink Clee, Graduate Research Fellow at Drexel University, USA, said: “The Nigeria-Cameroon chimpanzee is perhaps the least studied of all chimpanzee subspecies. This is the first time that their distribution and habitat has been studied in such detail, and the data used to predict how their habitats might alter under climate change. We were surprised to see that the Nigeria-Cameroon chimpanzees living in the savanna-woodland habitat of central Cameroon are under the most immediate threat of climate change, and may completely lose their habitat within our lifetime.”

The research team, one of the few groups studying Nigeria-Cameroon chimpanzees in the wild, mapped their precise geographic locations using reports of sightings, evidence of activity including nests and tools, and fecal and hair samples collected for genetic analyses.

In the most detail to date, they mapped the distribution of two distinct populations of P. t. ellioti – those in the mountainous rainforests of western Cameroon, and those in central Cameroon where three distinct habitats converge to form a mosaic of forest-woodland-savanna. These fragile mosaics of ecosystems (or ‘ecotones’) are thought to be important in driving variation and diversification of species all over the world.

They combined this population data with the environmental characteristics of their locations (including climate, slope, vegetation and tree cover) to determine how habitat drives the distribution of the Nigeria-Cameroon Chimpanzee.

They then predicted how these habitats would change under climate change scenarios for years 2020, 2050, and 2080. The scenarios were provided by the UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and considered a varying range of factors including use of fossil and non-fossil fuels, human population growth, and environmental protection efforts.

While the team predicted little change in the mountainous rainforest habitat, the ecotone habitat of the second population was predicted to decline quickly under all scenarios by the year 2020 and could disappear almost entirely under the worst case scenario by 2080.

With roughly half of the 6,000 Nigeria-Cameroon chimpanzees existing in the ecotone habitat of central Cameroon, the results suggest that this subspecies of chimpanzee is particularly vulnerable to climate change.

The authors note that their models do not take into account the potential for these chimpanzee populations to adapt to their changing habitats, or migrate to new areas with optimal conditions.

Related research papers from the team are also published in the same issue of BMC Evolutionary Biology, revealing more details on three genetically distinct populations of chimpanzees in Cameroon and eastern Nigeria (P. t. ellioti and P. t. troglodytes) and how natural selection and environmental variation play a role in shaping patterns of chimpanzee genetic diversity.

Australian government may ban environmental boycotts


Australian government may ban environmental boycotts

Parliamentary secretary says there is ‘an appetite’ for removing environmental groups’ exemption from secondary boycotts ban

GetUp NoHarveyNo
A still from GetUp!’s NoHarveyNo campaign. Photograph: GetUp!

Coalition MPs and industry groups are using a review of competition laws to push for a ban on campaigns against companies on the grounds that they are selling products that damage the environment, for example by using old-growth timber or overfished seafood.

The parliamentary secretary for agriculture, Richard Colbeck, said the backbench rural committee and “quite a number in the ministry” want to use the review to remove an exemption for environmental groups from the consumer law ban on so-called “secondary boycotts”….

http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2014/apr/02/coalition-review-of-consumer-laws-may-ban-environmental-boycotts

Extreme Ausdehnung von Todeszonen in der Ostsee


EXTREME AUSDEHNUNG VON TODESZONEN IN DER OSTSEE

Die Todeszonen in der Ostsee haben sich einer Studie zufolge extrem ausgedehnt – von 5000 Quadratkilometern um 1900 auf inzwischen 60 000 Quadratkilometer. Schuld ist vor allem der starke Eintrag von Nährstoffen, aber auch der Temperaturanstieg.

In der Ostsee hat sich die Fläche der sauerstoffarmen Todeszonen im vergangenen Jahrhundert mehr als verzehnfacht. Insgesamt wuchsen die Areale mit extremem Sauerstoffmangel zwischen 1898 und 2012 von 5000 auf 60 000 Quadratkilometer an. Das berichtet ein dänisch-schwedisches Forscherteam um Jacob Carstensen von der Universität Aarhus in den «Proceedings» der US-Nationalen Akademie der Wissenschaften («PNAS»). Ursachen sind demnach die Erwärmung des Wassers, vor allem aber der Eintrag von Nährstoffen etwa durch die Landwirtschaft. Die Wissenschaftler untersuchten östlich der dänischen Insel Bornholm und um die schwedische Insel Gotland, wie sich Temperatur, Salzgehalt und Sauerstoffwerte in den vergangenen 115 Jahren entwickelt hatten. Dabei stellten sie fest, dass die Wassertemperatur in beiden Gebieten um etwa zwei Grad Celsius stieg. Die Folgen für den Sauerstoffgehalt: Je höher die Temperatur des Wassers, desto weniger Sauerstoff kann sich darin lösen.

Noch gravierender aber wirken sich Nährstoffe etwa aus der Landwirtschaft aus, die mit Flüssen in die Ostsee gespült werden. Sie lassen etwa Cyanobakterien sprießen, die sich stark vermehren und Sauerstoff verbrauchen. Die Forscher bezeichnen die Ostsee als die weltweit größte Sauerstoffmangelzone menschlichen Ursprungs.

Überraschend gut sah es im Untersuchungsgebiet 1993 aus: Damals waren die Todeszonen etwa auf das Maß von 1931 geschrumpft. Die Ostsee schien sich nach schwierigen Zeiten erholt zu haben. Doch die Studie zeigt, dass dies einem seltenen Ereignis geschuldet war: Zwischen 1982 und 1993 floss mehr Wasser aus der Ostsee in die Nordsee hinaus als auf umgekehrtem Weg hinein. Da die Nordsee mehr Salz enthält, sank in dieser Zeit der Salzgehalt der Ostsee. Die Schichten aus Wasser mit geringem und hohem Salzgehalt wurden durchlässiger. Tiefen- und Oberflächenwasser tauschten sich stärker aus, mehr Sauerstoff gelangte in die Tiefe.

Seit 1993 dehnten sich die sauerstoffarmen Zonen wieder aus und sind heute größer als je zuvor. Fische und andere Meeresbewohner haben dadurch einen kleineren Lebensraum, was etwa die Fangmengen schrumpfen lässt. Die Wissenschaftler sehen eine Möglichkeit, die Ostsee wieder gesünder zu machen: Die auf Felder ausgebrachten Düngemittel müssten verringert werden.

To Stop Dolphins´& Whales´Captivity in Japan: No More Captives. Set the Captives Free. SIGN PETITIONS, please


FIRST WATCH THIS VIDEO, PLEASE, You´ll experience the vitality & lovingkindness of DOLPHINS:

http://www.clipfish.de/video/2272413/dolphin-parenting/

International | Animal Liberation https://www.indybay.org/newsitems/2013/07/20/18740105.php#18740146

To stop dolphins and whales captivity in japan. no more captives. Set the captives free.
by toshio yashiro / time , Non Profit Individual Saturday Jul 20th, 2013 6:49 AM

Truth of a dolphin show.  This photograph that is hard to believe was taken by the Taiwan photographer Huang-Ju Chen.

  http://www.nhm.ac.uk/visit-us/whats-on/temporary-exhibitions/wpy/photo.do?photo=2823&category=13&group=3 

©Huang-Ju Chen (Taiwan) “The dolphin show ” / Natural History Museum

This is one of the precious proof proving the ability of man not to keep a dolphins and whales.  On the reverse side of the gay dolphin show, the dolphin which cannot appeal against the present condition has suffered abuse. There are no animal welfare lows in japan for dolphins and whales in captivity.  A family is killed cruelly and they are caught.  They are caught for a dolphin show and the dolphins which were not selected were killed.  This unjust repetition is continued for many years for many years. so sad!
  I presented this photograph and asked other cleaning methods to WAZA  My question was disregarded. All the organizations also ignored my question.  This goes on in USA, in Europe, and everywhere else dolphins are held in tanks.”  Other cleaning methods do not exist.  dolphins are lying on the bare floor of an aquarium tank in Japan while workers clean grime and goop off the walls.  * A certain prominent specialist says that the same cleaning method goes on at all of the 51 dolphin abusement parks in Japan. Many whales and dolphin specialists have appealed against this cruelty.
Please show this photograph to the children who want to see dolphins at dolphin amusement Place.  And please educate to children.
“India bans captive dolphin shows, says they should be considered ‘non-human’ people”.
The petitions were launched by three communities and I hope you can sign.
We have to terminate this history of blood.
Please sign the petititon to stop dolphins and whales captivity in japan,and set them free.  Please share this with your family and friends.  Please make this spread.
I am thankful from the bottom of my heart to “the anti-whaling country, ngo, npo,overseas media and Journalist, specialist, and individual” who are doing hard work for ending of japanese whaling.  love you.
thank you for your time & Support:
Sincerely,
toshio yashiro / time ,
Non Profit Individual Tokyo japan
by toshio yashiro / time , Non Profit Individual  Saturday Jul 20th, 2013 6:49 AM
by toshio yashiro / time , Non Profit Individual  Saturday Jul 20th, 2013 6:49 AM

Petitions of Boycott ” World Heritage in japan ” for saving whale and dolphin.

by toshio yashiro / time ・Non Profit Individual  Sunday Jul 21st, 2013 2:07 AM
This is negotiation between the world and japanese Governors. I will not visit “World Heritage in japan” as long as each Prefecture continues slaughter and captures of dolphins , small whales. as a tourist.
June, 2013  “Mt. Fuji “was registered to world heritage. http://www.fujisan-3776.jp/english/index.html
The place in many worlds expects registration to world heritage aimed at obtaining the tourist. Of course World Heritage is an international sightseeing spot. so every places want to be.
2004 Kumano. (Taiji /wakayama prefecture) 
2005 Shiretoko. (hokkai dou) 
2011 Hiraizumi. (Otsuchi , Kamaishi /iwate prefecture) 
2013 Mt. Fuji. (Ito/ shizuoka prefecture)
One after another, world heritage authorization is given to the prefecture with the homeport of coastal whaling and a big whaler.
The power of a whaling lobby group is mighty? They have a perfect fund based on tax? this is so weird, is’t it ? The beginning of 2013, It is too famous that “tsunami revival money” was used for whaling industry.
The animal protection law of our country is not adapted for the coastal sea mammals. It is a very sly skillful law.
The governor of each prefecture gives permission of coastal dolphin fishery .  The Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries gives permission of coastal whaling.
Each Prefectures never stops slaughter and captures of dolphins and small whales for the reason of important “resources”
They express a dolphin as “marine resources” frequently.
A slaughter, dealing, a slave,,,,,, anything they want .
“India bans captive dolphin shows, says they should be considered ‘non-human’ people” What difference it is!
Well,,
The tourists from the world must be important “resources” for each prefectures.  Which do they want to choose for the future?  Continuation of [dolphins and small whales ]capture and slaughter ? or The tourist from the world?  This is negotiation between the world and Prefectures.  The petitions of  “the world heritage boycott” were launched by three communities and I hope you can sign.
http://www.change.org/petitions/boycott-hiraizumi-as-a-tourist-as-long-as-otsuchi-kamaishi-iwate-p-continues-slaughter-and-captures-of-dolphins-small-whales _______________________________________________________________________________
*The Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries holds up a broken theory, and is continuing fake” research whaling” by the Antarctic Ocean. 
This his important testimony should be deliberated by the International Court of Justice. Because, he has denied the title of “research whaling “himself. The Japanese government wants to make it thought “Japanese people need ingestion of whale meat” for overseas, and is desperate. *In Japan, the balance of “the demand and supply” of whale meat has collapsed long ago.  They have 5000 t. ~ 6000 t. of frozen stockpile meat.  This slaughter is continued why? And whaling by the Antarctic Ocean of a Self-Defense-Forces guard. * Japan’s Institute for Cetacean Research (ICR) controls major media, and many of Japanese of “whether the world is angry about what” are still ignorant about a whale issue.  *The Japanese government bought the vote of IWC with ODA money, and filled this slaughter even with Government Recovery Funds Stokes. *Icelandic the endangered fin whale whale hunt were resumed. For the reason exported to Japan . (Many Japanese do not know that fin is endangered species. It does not know that Iceland resumed whaling for Japan, either. Furthermore, a dog snack is not known, either.)
Liar! This is already enough. !!!!!!
Don’t let the Japanese government run into loophole. If the international law about a whale slaughter and a whale meat trade does not exist, in order to judge Japan, we should enact new international law.
Whaling is top priority. The logic of the global standard is refused and all the fake logic was attached later.
A wise man says .  “whales are migratory across the entire ocean . “
It is a stage of a boycott to Japan which continues disregard for the world in a whale issue. _______________________________________________________________________________
*This unnecessary whale, dolphin In order to make slaughter stopped, the anti-whaling country in the world, npo, ngo, overseas media and Journalist, specialist, and and individual in the world are doing their best.  I thank to them from the bottom of my heart. love you. The Japanese government ignores the big contrary from the world and they are moving in order to nationalize the whaling industry.  The world must not accept Industry only “the slaughter act and factory process” to other species. Just now, Australia and New Zealand are fighting with Japan in the International Court of Justice for the whale.  Justice should be absolute and there should be so.
The 21st century.  The continuation of whaling of Japan is one of issue of the worldwide scale which should be most apprehended against other species.
An economically advanced country is not necessarily a moral advanced nation.
Many specialists are inquiring about the dolphin.  I am not in a speciality.  Please investigate details.
Please take action. Please share this with your friends.  Please make this spread.
thank you for your time.  Sincerely,
for kulfi
toshio yashiro / time , Non Profit Individual Tokyo japan

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JAPAN SCHLACHTET ZEHNTAUSENDE DELFINE – trotz Welt weiter Proteste


Location of Taiji in Wakayama

Location of Taiji in Wakayama (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Japan schlachtet Zehntausende Delfine abhttp://www.welt.de/politik/article2568403/Japan-schlachtet-Zehntausende-Delfine-ab.html

              In Japan hat die alljährliche Delfin-Treibjagd begonnen. Bis zu 20.000 Tiere sollen getötet werden. Tierschützer protestieren und warnen davor, das Fleisch zu verzehren. Denn die Säugetiere seien hochgradig verseucht. Die Tiere werden auch nach Deutschland exportiert.

del_DW_Vermischtes_BARCELONA.jpg

Foto: REUTERSBild teilen        

        Bild teilen

Ungeachtet von Protesten internationaler Umweltschutzorganisationen schlachten japanische Fischer mit Billigung der Regierung vor ihrer Küste derzeit Tausende von Delfinen ab. Der alljährlichen Treibjagd fallen zwischen 16.000 und mehr als 20.000 Tiere zum Opfer. Ein Teil des Fleisches der mit Lanzen, Haken und Messern abgestochenen Kleinwale gelangt in den Handel. Tierschützer schlagen jetzt Alarm: “Das Delfinfleisch ist hochgradig quecksilberverseucht”, warnte der Delfinschützer Richard O’Barry am Montag in Tokio. Es sei ein “Skandal”, dass die japanische Regierung der Bevölkerung das Gemetzel und die extreme Vergiftung verheimliche.

In der Walfangstadt Taiji, rund 700 Kilometer südlich von Tokio, werden unter Mithilfe von Delfintrainern in einer Lagune einzelne besonders schöne Delfine im Auftrag von Aquarien und Delfinarien aus aller Welt ausgesucht und für viel Geld verkauft. Der Rest wird in einer abgeschirmten Nachbarbucht abgestochen. Die boomende Delfinariums-Industrie biete erst den finanziellen Anreiz, um die brutale Treibjagd in Taiji in Gang zu halten, beklagte O’Barry im Gespräch mit der Deutschen Presse-Agentur dpa. Der Amerikaner war in den 60er Jahren Trainer der Delfine für die Fernsehserie “Flipper”, seit 1970 kämpft er weltweit aktiv für den Schutz der Meeressäuger.

Für bis zu 200.000 Dollar (150.000 Euro) werden die Delfine nach Angaben von O’Barry gehandelt. Er habe gehört, dass die nächste Lieferung an Delfinen nach Deutschland gehen soll, sagte der Delfinschützer am Tag vor seiner Abreise nach Taiji. Er forderte den Weltverband der Zoos und Aquarien (Waza) mit Sitz im schweizerischen Bern auf, die Mitgliedsorganisationen zu beaufsichtigen und daran zu hindern, sich an dem Handel mit den bei der grausamen Treibjagd in Taiji gefangenen Tiere zu beteiligen. Ohne diese Nachfrage käme die Jagd zum Erliegen.

Over 800 world scientists agree: GM crops are nothing short of a bio-war on our food


th6Over 800 world scientists agree: GM crops are nothing short of a bio-war on our food  copied by www.aworldchaos.wordpress.com/

You don’t have to be a rocket scientist to understand why genetically modified foods are dangerous, but if you look closely, you may just find the name of one listed among the names of more than 800 scientists from around the globe who have joined forces in an open letter to all world governments, outlining their detailed concerns over the alarming potential threat of biotech’s unauthorized, worldwide GM foods experiment.

Read More…

Sources for this article include:
http://www.i-sis.org.uk/list.php
http://www.the-scientist.com
http://www.grain.org
http://www.naturalnews.com/037289_Monsanto_corporations_ethics.html