Maple Lodge Farms probing ‘disturbing’ hidden-camera footage that allegedly shows ‘cruelty’ at slaughterhouse

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Hidden-Camera Exposes Criminal Animal Abuse at Chicken Slaughterhouse: via @YouTube

Dramatically Endangered Chimps may experience drastic Habitat Loss within 5 Years


Endangered chimps may experience drastic habitat loss within 5 years
by Staff Writers
Washington DC (SPX) Jan 23, 2015

“Ngambe” is a chimpanzee rescued from illegal animal trafficking who now lives at the Limbe Wildlife Center in Cameroon. Image courtesy Paul Sesink Clee.

Dramatic habitat loss by 2020 threatens the population of the planet’s most endangered chimp subspecies, according to research published in BMC Evolutionary Biology. The work suggests that climate change could do more harm to chimpanzee populations than previously realised.

The Nigeria-Cameroon Chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes ellioti) is the most endangered of all chimpanzee subspecies in the world, with only about 6,000 individuals estimated in the wild. While their habitats are already threatened by logging, agriculture and illegal hunting, few studies have looked at the possible effects of climate change.

First author Paul Sesink Clee, Graduate Research Fellow at Drexel University, USA, said: “The Nigeria-Cameroon chimpanzee is perhaps the least studied of all chimpanzee subspecies. This is the first time that their distribution and habitat has been studied in such detail, and the data used to predict how their habitats might alter under climate change. We were surprised to see that the Nigeria-Cameroon chimpanzees living in the savanna-woodland habitat of central Cameroon are under the most immediate threat of climate change, and may completely lose their habitat within our lifetime.”

The research team, one of the few groups studying Nigeria-Cameroon chimpanzees in the wild, mapped their precise geographic locations using reports of sightings, evidence of activity including nests and tools, and fecal and hair samples collected for genetic analyses.

In the most detail to date, they mapped the distribution of two distinct populations of P. t. ellioti – those in the mountainous rainforests of western Cameroon, and those in central Cameroon where three distinct habitats converge to form a mosaic of forest-woodland-savanna. These fragile mosaics of ecosystems (or ‘ecotones’) are thought to be important in driving variation and diversification of species all over the world.

They combined this population data with the environmental characteristics of their locations (including climate, slope, vegetation and tree cover) to determine how habitat drives the distribution of the Nigeria-Cameroon Chimpanzee.

They then predicted how these habitats would change under climate change scenarios for years 2020, 2050, and 2080. The scenarios were provided by the UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and considered a varying range of factors including use of fossil and non-fossil fuels, human population growth, and environmental protection efforts.

While the team predicted little change in the mountainous rainforest habitat, the ecotone habitat of the second population was predicted to decline quickly under all scenarios by the year 2020 and could disappear almost entirely under the worst case scenario by 2080.

With roughly half of the 6,000 Nigeria-Cameroon chimpanzees existing in the ecotone habitat of central Cameroon, the results suggest that this subspecies of chimpanzee is particularly vulnerable to climate change.

The authors note that their models do not take into account the potential for these chimpanzee populations to adapt to their changing habitats, or migrate to new areas with optimal conditions.

Related research papers from the team are also published in the same issue of BMC Evolutionary Biology, revealing more details on three genetically distinct populations of chimpanzees in Cameroon and eastern Nigeria (P. t. ellioti and P. t. troglodytes) and how natural selection and environmental variation play a role in shaping patterns of chimpanzee genetic diversity.

To Stop Dolphins´& Whales´Captivity in Japan: No More Captives. Set the Captives Free. SIGN PETITIONS, please

FIRST WATCH THIS VIDEO, PLEASE, You´ll experience the vitality & lovingkindness of DOLPHINS:

International | Animal Liberation

To stop dolphins and whales captivity in japan. no more captives. Set the captives free.
by toshio yashiro / time , Non Profit Individual Saturday Jul 20th, 2013 6:49 AM

Truth of a dolphin show.  This photograph that is hard to believe was taken by the Taiwan photographer Huang-Ju Chen. 

©Huang-Ju Chen (Taiwan) “The dolphin show ” / Natural History Museum

This is one of the precious proof proving the ability of man not to keep a dolphins and whales.  On the reverse side of the gay dolphin show, the dolphin which cannot appeal against the present condition has suffered abuse. There are no animal welfare lows in japan for dolphins and whales in captivity.  A family is killed cruelly and they are caught.  They are caught for a dolphin show and the dolphins which were not selected were killed.  This unjust repetition is continued for many years for many years. so sad!
  I presented this photograph and asked other cleaning methods to WAZA  My question was disregarded. All the organizations also ignored my question.  This goes on in USA, in Europe, and everywhere else dolphins are held in tanks.”  Other cleaning methods do not exist.  dolphins are lying on the bare floor of an aquarium tank in Japan while workers clean grime and goop off the walls.  * A certain prominent specialist says that the same cleaning method goes on at all of the 51 dolphin abusement parks in Japan. Many whales and dolphin specialists have appealed against this cruelty.
Please show this photograph to the children who want to see dolphins at dolphin amusement Place.  And please educate to children.
“India bans captive dolphin shows, says they should be considered ‘non-human’ people”.
The petitions were launched by three communities and I hope you can sign.
We have to terminate this history of blood.
Please sign the petititon to stop dolphins and whales captivity in japan,and set them free.  Please share this with your family and friends.  Please make this spread.
I am thankful from the bottom of my heart to “the anti-whaling country, ngo, npo,overseas media and Journalist, specialist, and individual” who are doing hard work for ending of japanese whaling.  love you.
thank you for your time & Support:
toshio yashiro / time ,
Non Profit Individual Tokyo japan
by toshio yashiro / time , Non Profit Individual  Saturday Jul 20th, 2013 6:49 AM
by toshio yashiro / time , Non Profit Individual  Saturday Jul 20th, 2013 6:49 AM

Petitions of Boycott ” World Heritage in japan ” for saving whale and dolphin.

by toshio yashiro / time ・Non Profit Individual  Sunday Jul 21st, 2013 2:07 AM
This is negotiation between the world and japanese Governors. I will not visit “World Heritage in japan” as long as each Prefecture continues slaughter and captures of dolphins , small whales. as a tourist.
June, 2013  “Mt. Fuji “was registered to world heritage.
The place in many worlds expects registration to world heritage aimed at obtaining the tourist. Of course World Heritage is an international sightseeing spot. so every places want to be.
2004 Kumano. (Taiji /wakayama prefecture) 
2005 Shiretoko. (hokkai dou) 
2011 Hiraizumi. (Otsuchi , Kamaishi /iwate prefecture) 
2013 Mt. Fuji. (Ito/ shizuoka prefecture)
One after another, world heritage authorization is given to the prefecture with the homeport of coastal whaling and a big whaler.
The power of a whaling lobby group is mighty? They have a perfect fund based on tax? this is so weird, is’t it ? The beginning of 2013, It is too famous that “tsunami revival money” was used for whaling industry.
The animal protection law of our country is not adapted for the coastal sea mammals. It is a very sly skillful law.
The governor of each prefecture gives permission of coastal dolphin fishery .  The Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries gives permission of coastal whaling.
Each Prefectures never stops slaughter and captures of dolphins and small whales for the reason of important “resources”
They express a dolphin as “marine resources” frequently.
A slaughter, dealing, a slave,,,,,, anything they want .
“India bans captive dolphin shows, says they should be considered ‘non-human’ people” What difference it is!
The tourists from the world must be important “resources” for each prefectures.  Which do they want to choose for the future?  Continuation of [dolphins and small whales ]capture and slaughter ? or The tourist from the world?  This is negotiation between the world and Prefectures.  The petitions of  “the world heritage boycott” were launched by three communities and I hope you can sign. _______________________________________________________________________________
*The Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries holds up a broken theory, and is continuing fake” research whaling” by the Antarctic Ocean. 
This his important testimony should be deliberated by the International Court of Justice. Because, he has denied the title of “research whaling “himself. The Japanese government wants to make it thought “Japanese people need ingestion of whale meat” for overseas, and is desperate. *In Japan, the balance of “the demand and supply” of whale meat has collapsed long ago.  They have 5000 t. ~ 6000 t. of frozen stockpile meat.  This slaughter is continued why? And whaling by the Antarctic Ocean of a Self-Defense-Forces guard. * Japan’s Institute for Cetacean Research (ICR) controls major media, and many of Japanese of “whether the world is angry about what” are still ignorant about a whale issue.  *The Japanese government bought the vote of IWC with ODA money, and filled this slaughter even with Government Recovery Funds Stokes. *Icelandic the endangered fin whale whale hunt were resumed. For the reason exported to Japan . (Many Japanese do not know that fin is endangered species. It does not know that Iceland resumed whaling for Japan, either. Furthermore, a dog snack is not known, either.)
Liar! This is already enough. !!!!!!
Don’t let the Japanese government run into loophole. If the international law about a whale slaughter and a whale meat trade does not exist, in order to judge Japan, we should enact new international law.
Whaling is top priority. The logic of the global standard is refused and all the fake logic was attached later.
A wise man says .  “whales are migratory across the entire ocean . “
It is a stage of a boycott to Japan which continues disregard for the world in a whale issue. _______________________________________________________________________________
*This unnecessary whale, dolphin In order to make slaughter stopped, the anti-whaling country in the world, npo, ngo, overseas media and Journalist, specialist, and and individual in the world are doing their best.  I thank to them from the bottom of my heart. love you. The Japanese government ignores the big contrary from the world and they are moving in order to nationalize the whaling industry.  The world must not accept Industry only “the slaughter act and factory process” to other species. Just now, Australia and New Zealand are fighting with Japan in the International Court of Justice for the whale.  Justice should be absolute and there should be so.
The 21st century.  The continuation of whaling of Japan is one of issue of the worldwide scale which should be most apprehended against other species.
An economically advanced country is not necessarily a moral advanced nation.
Many specialists are inquiring about the dolphin.  I am not in a speciality.  Please investigate details.
Please take action. Please share this with your friends.  Please make this spread.
thank you for your time.  Sincerely,
for kulfi
toshio yashiro / time , Non Profit Individual Tokyo japan

© 2000–2013 San Francisco Bay Area Independent Media Center.  Unless otherwise stated by the author, all content is free for non-commercial reuse, reprint, and rebroadcast, on the net and elsewhere. Opinions are those of the contributors and are not necessarily endorsed by the SF Bay Area IMC


English: Photograph of mild fluorosis. Most no...
English: Photograph of mild fluorosis. Most noticeable on the upper right central incisor (tooth #8) (FDI-schema: 11) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Israel outlaws water Fluoridation

by seeker401 Thank You!

Israel’s Supreme Court has ruled that water fluoridation in the country must end by 2014, according to news reports. This landmark decision goes even further than legislation by the health minister Yael German earlier in the year that would have ended mandatory fluoridation nationwide, reports the Irish publication Hot Press.

Israel is one of the few countries that widely fluoridates, besides the United States, Canada, Ireland, New Zealand and Australia.Fluoridation, the addition of fluoride to public drinking water supplies to reduce cavities, is the subject of intense controversy, especially outside of the United States. But opposition to the practice, on the grounds that fluoride has adverse effects on the thyroid, brain and bones, and is an unethical form of mass-medication, appears to be growing.

Israel’s decision to ban fluoridation follows a vote to preclude the practice in Portland, Ore., and Wichita, Kan. It was also recently overturned in Hamilton, the fourth most populous city in New Zealand.


Location of Taiji in Wakayama
Location of Taiji in Wakayama (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Japan schlachtet Zehntausende Delfine ab

              In Japan hat die alljährliche Delfin-Treibjagd begonnen. Bis zu 20.000 Tiere sollen getötet werden. Tierschützer protestieren und warnen davor, das Fleisch zu verzehren. Denn die Säugetiere seien hochgradig verseucht. Die Tiere werden auch nach Deutschland exportiert.


Foto: REUTERSBild teilen        

        Bild teilen

Ungeachtet von Protesten internationaler Umweltschutzorganisationen schlachten japanische Fischer mit Billigung der Regierung vor ihrer Küste derzeit Tausende von Delfinen ab. Der alljährlichen Treibjagd fallen zwischen 16.000 und mehr als 20.000 Tiere zum Opfer. Ein Teil des Fleisches der mit Lanzen, Haken und Messern abgestochenen Kleinwale gelangt in den Handel. Tierschützer schlagen jetzt Alarm: “Das Delfinfleisch ist hochgradig quecksilberverseucht”, warnte der Delfinschützer Richard O’Barry am Montag in Tokio. Es sei ein “Skandal”, dass die japanische Regierung der Bevölkerung das Gemetzel und die extreme Vergiftung verheimliche.

In der Walfangstadt Taiji, rund 700 Kilometer südlich von Tokio, werden unter Mithilfe von Delfintrainern in einer Lagune einzelne besonders schöne Delfine im Auftrag von Aquarien und Delfinarien aus aller Welt ausgesucht und für viel Geld verkauft. Der Rest wird in einer abgeschirmten Nachbarbucht abgestochen. Die boomende Delfinariums-Industrie biete erst den finanziellen Anreiz, um die brutale Treibjagd in Taiji in Gang zu halten, beklagte O’Barry im Gespräch mit der Deutschen Presse-Agentur dpa. Der Amerikaner war in den 60er Jahren Trainer der Delfine für die Fernsehserie “Flipper”, seit 1970 kämpft er weltweit aktiv für den Schutz der Meeressäuger.

Für bis zu 200.000 Dollar (150.000 Euro) werden die Delfine nach Angaben von O’Barry gehandelt. Er habe gehört, dass die nächste Lieferung an Delfinen nach Deutschland gehen soll, sagte der Delfinschützer am Tag vor seiner Abreise nach Taiji. Er forderte den Weltverband der Zoos und Aquarien (Waza) mit Sitz im schweizerischen Bern auf, die Mitgliedsorganisationen zu beaufsichtigen und daran zu hindern, sich an dem Handel mit den bei der grausamen Treibjagd in Taiji gefangenen Tiere zu beteiligen. Ohne diese Nachfrage käme die Jagd zum Erliegen.

Tornado Tracks: 56 Years Of America´s Most Terrifying Tornadoes Visualized

Scooped by Dr. Stefan Gruenwald onto  Amazing Science
From                – Today, 6:31 AM
Tornadoes form under a certain set of weather conditions in which three very different types of air come together in a certain way. Near the ground lies a layer of warm and humid air, along with strong south winds. Colder air and strong west or southwest winds lie in the upper atmosphere. Temperature and moisture differences between the surface and the upper levels create what we call instability. A necessary ingredient for tornado formation. The change in wind speed and direction with height is known as wind shear. This wind shear is linked to the eventual development of rotation from which a tornado may form.
A third layer of hot dry air becomes established between the warm moist air at low levels and the cool dry air aloft. This hot layer acts as a cap and allows the warm air underneath to warm further…making the air even more unstable. Things start to happen when a storm system aloft moves east and begins to lift the various layers. Through this lifting process the cap is removed, thereby setting the stage for explosive thunderstorm development as strong updrafts develop. Complex interactions between the updraft and the surrounding winds may cause the updraft to begin rotating-and a tornado is born.
The Great Plains of the Central United States are uniquely suited to bring all of these ingredients together, and so have become known as “Tornado Alley.” The main factors are the Rocky Mountains to the west, the Gulf of Mexico to the south, and a terrain that slopes downward from west to east.
During the spring and summer months southerly winds prevail across the plains. At the origin of those south winds lie the warm waters of the Gulf of Mexico, which provide plenty of warm, humid air needed to fuel severe thunderstorm development. Hot dry air forms over the higher elevations to the west, and becomes the cap as it spreads eastward over the moist Gulf air. Where the dry air and the Gulf air meet near the ground, a boundary known as a dry line forms to the west of Oklahoma. A storm system moving out of the southern Rockies may push the dry line eastward, with severe thunderstorms and tornadoes forming along the dry line or in the moist air just ahead of it. What is the Fujita Tornado Damage Scale? Dr. T. Theodore Fujita, a pioneer in the study of tornadoes and severe thunderstorm phenomena, developed the Fujita Tornado Damage Scale (F-Scale) to provide estimates of tornado strength based on damage surveys. Since it is extremely difficult to make direct measurements of tornado winds, an estimate of the winds based on damage is the best way to classify them. The new Enhanced Fujita Scale (EF-Scale) addresses some of the limitations identified by meteorologists and engineers since the introduction of the Fujita Scale in 1971. Variability in the quality of construction and different local building codes made classifying tornadoes in a uniform manner difficult. In many cases, these inconsistencies led to overestimates in the strength of tornadoes. The new scale identifies 28 different free standing structures most affected by tornadoes taking into account construction quality and maintenance. The range of tornado intensities remains as before, zero to five, with ‘EF0’ being the weakest, associated with very little damage and ‘EF5’ representing complete destruction, which was the case in Greensburg, Kansas on May 4th, 2007, the first tornado classified as ‘EF5’. The EF scale was adopted on February 1, 2007.

Japanese Ministry of Environment: Petition: Stop Killing Animals at Cruel Gas Chamber

The puppies are desperately dying inside the gas chamber.  PLEASE SIGN

The puppies are     desperately dying inside the gas chamber. PLEASE SIGN



BIKE COMMUTING SKYROCKETING, esp. in “Bike Friendly Communities”

Bicycle parking lot in Amsterdam.
Bicycle parking lot in Amsterdam. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Foreign Correspondent trailer 1
Foreign Correspondent trailer 1 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Bike Commuting Skyrocketing, Especially In “Bike Friendly Communities”

Posted: 25 May 2013 09:17 AM PDT

Here are a couple reposts from Bikocity. The first documents the rise of bike commuting in the US, especially in “Bicycle Friendly Communities” and 10 key cities. The second repost is about how Bicycle Friendly Communities are evaluated. Check them out:

Where Bike Commuting Grows Fastest (Infographics)

The League of American Bicyclists recently created some cool infographics about bicycle commuter growth across the country.

In general, bike commuting has skyrocketed, doubling from 1.7 billion in 2001 to 4 billion in 2009. However, the growth has occurred to a much greater degree in cities and towns that have been designated as Bicycle-Friendly Communities by the League.

bike commuting growth

“From 2000 to 2011, the bicycle commuting rate has risen 80% in the largest Bicycle Friendly Communities — far above the average growth of 47% nationwide and more than double the rate of 32% in the cities not designated as bicycle-friendly,” Carolyn Szczepanski the League writes.

Several cities have even seen growth of 100% to 450% [PDF]!

growth of bicycle commuting top cities

Want more data? Carolyn’s rounded some up for you:

Looking for bike commute data for your area?

  • Click here to download 2010 bicycle commuting data for all 375 citiesincluded in the American Community Survey
  • Click here to download bicycle commute data from 1990 to 2011 for the 70 largest U.S. cities, including percentage of bicycle commuters and percent change
  • Click here for 2011 state commute rates, including bicycle commuting by gender


How Bicycle Friendly Communities Are Evaluated (Infographic)

Several years ago, I was the director of an organization in the Charlottesville, Virginia region that got Charlottesville designated as a Bicycle Friendly Community (BFA). There were great guiding documents that the League of American Bicyclists supplied as part of the application process, but it certainly would have been nice to have this infographic* below that the League just created to delineate the differences between Bronze, Silver, Gold, and Platinum awardees. Check it out. You can also download a PDF version here.

I think you're going to gonna have to click this one to see the details.I think you’re going to gonna have to click this one to see the details.

To make it clear that this isn’t a strict tool for measuring which category a community falls into, the League’s Carolyn Szczepanski adds:

“Now, the beauty of the BFA program is the fact that it’s not one-size-fits-all. We’re able to take into account the unique characteristics of each community — so it’s not a rigid rubric. But we love the way this distills some of the key benchmarks and metrics in an interesting and engaging way.”

*Note: the infographic was developed in coordination with the Language Dept for the League of American Bicyclists.

Bike Commuting Skyrocketing, Especially In “Bike Friendly Communities” was originally posted on: PlanetSave.  To read more from Planetsave, join thousands of others and subscribe to our free RSS feed, follow us on Facebook (also free), follow us on Twitter, or just visit our homepage.

Holland — The Original Cool (& Green)

Posted: 25 May 2013 08:55 AM PDT

Holland — one of my favorite places in the world. More info in this Bikocity repost below.

Below is a fun (& funny) video about Holland. Of course, biking is highlighted a bit. Biking makes life so much cooler, easier, more relaxed and carefree. It is used in (non-car) advertisements of all kinds simply to stick a cooler and more positive image on the product being sold. With bicycling at the center of one’s transportation system, the quality of life rises tremendously.

At one point in the video, the narrator jokes, “They still drive cars. Haha.”

I actually lived in the Netherlands (Groningen) for 5 months. I’ve never been to a country or city with a higher quality of life. It’s a full level above anyplace I’ve been in the US. (Notably, I’ve lived in several “best cities” in the US — Charlottesville (VA), Chapel Hill (NC), Sarasota (FL), Sunnyvale (CA), Ithaca (NY).)

Frankly, the video really does nail the exceptional “original cool” of Holland (which, to be specific, is only a region of the Netherlands).


One note: the narrator highlights the country’s green energy. Sadly, the Netherlands is no longer a leader in green energy. Hopefully that will change sometime soon.

h/t Grist

Satelites see storm system that created Oklahoma Tornado

Typhoon Cimaron October 31 (2006)
Typhoon Cimaron October 31 (2006) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

may-20-2013-supercell-thunderstorm-central-oklahoma-tornado-lgSatellites See Storm System that Created Oklahoma Tornado
by Rob Gutro for Goddard Space Flight Center
Greenbelt MD (SPX) May 24, 2013

On May 20, 2013, a supercell thunderstorm in central Oklahoma spawned a destructive tornado that passed just south of Oklahoma City. The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA’s Aqua satellite acquired this image of the storm at 2:40 p.m. local time (19:40 UTC). The red line depicts the tornado’s track. The twister touched down west of Newcastle at 2:56 p.m. and moved northeast toward Moore, where it caused dozens of deaths and widespread destruction. The tornado had dissipated by 3:36 p.m., after traveling approximately 20 miles (32 kilometers). Credit: NASA/Jeff Schmaltz, LANCE/EOSDIS MODIS Rapid Response Team at NASA Goddard; caption by Adam Voiland. For a larger version of this image please go here.
On May 20, 2013, NASA and NOAA satellites observed the system that generated severe weather in the south central United States and spawned the Moore, Okla., tornado.

The tornado that struck Moore on the afternoon of Monday, May 20, was an F-4 tornado on the enhanced Fujita scale, according to the National Weather Service. F-4 tornadoes have sustained winds from 166 to 200 mph. This tornado was about twice as wide as the tornado that struck Moore on May 3, 1999. Moore is located 10 miles south of Oklahoma City.

Before, during and after the tornado, satellites provided imagery and data to forecasters. The first tornado warning was issued around 2:40 p.m. CDT (local time). By 3:01 p.m. CDT a tornado emergency was issued for Moore, and 35 minutes later at 3:36 p.m. CDT, the tornado spun down and dissipated.

NASA’s Aqua satellite captured a visible-light image that provided a detailed look at the supercell thunderstorm. NOAA’s GOES-13 satellite provided continuously updated satellite imagery depicting the storm’s movement. After the tornado, the NASA-NOAA Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership satellite’s lightning observations showed that the thunderstorm complex was still active after nightfall.

NOAA’s GOES-13 satellite provided forecasters with images of the storm system every 15 minutes. One GOES-13 satellite image was captured at 19:55 UTC (2:55 p.m. CDT) as the tornado began its deadly swath. The tornado was generated near the bottom of a line of clouds resembling an exclamation mark. The GOES-13 satellite imagery from the entire day was assembled into an animation by the NASA GOES Project at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md.

Four minutes after the tornado dissipated (19:40 UTC / 3:40 p.m. EDT), the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) instrument aboard NASA’s Aqua satellite captured a visible image of the supercell thunderstorm that spawned the Moore tornado. That image was created by the NASA Goddard MODIS Rapid Response Team and Adam Voiland, NASA Earth Observatory.

Later as the storm system continued through the region, another satellite captured an image of the storm at night that showed it was still powerful. The Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite aboard Suomi NPP observed lightning in a nighttime image on May 21 at 07:27 UTC (3:27 a.m. EDT). Lightning appeared as rectangular shapes in the image. The VIIRS imagery showed the city lights in the Oklahoma City area, but there was reduced light output in Moore as a result of tornado damage.

The Suomi NPP satellite carries an instrument so sensitive to low light levels that it can detect lightning in the middle of the night. The Day/Night band on Suomi NPP produces nighttime visible imagery using illumination from natural (the moon, forest fires) and man-made sources (city lights). The data were captured by the direct broadcast antenna at University of Wisconsin.