Bees Are Actually Just Stressed?


English: A sign warning about pesticide exposure.
English: A sign warning about pesticide exposure. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
English: Monsanto pesticide to be sprayed on f...
English: Monsanto pesticide to be sprayed on food crops. Français : Remplissage d’un épandeur (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Saturday, November 2, 2013

Bees Are Actually Just Stressed?

Heather Callaghan Activist Post
Some lines:
You’re probably aware of this. But scientific studies can hold a lot of double-speak. For what reason would a researcher announce a breakthrough that both points to neonicotinoid pesticides as the big cause for colony collapse disorder but at the same time denies it?
It is ice to dilute hot waters. In the average reader’s mind it can derail a serious concern with hidden meanings, causing them to say “Oh, so the situation is not that bad…”
The results of a recent study held mixed messages that might draw some “Huhs?” It could either encourage disregard for the steadily growing bee die-off and appease industrial pesticide chemical makers…or, at best, be a colossal waste of money.
Let’s take a spin together….
Royal Holloway University researchers found that when bees become exposed to low levels of neonicotinoid pesticides – which they claim do not directly kill bees – it affects their behavior and they cannot work as well to keep the whole hive going.
The results were supposed to showcase that the type of exposure bees face in the field has subtle impacts that can ultimately…lead to colony failure. However, over and over, it emphasizes the words “sublethal,” subtle impacts, synergistic effects and stress. The stress from chemical exposure and perhaps other factors. It points to neonicotinoid pesticide impact but downplays it at the same time.  It is called a discovery and a breakthrough on a “trend that has baffled many experts worldwide.” But it also looks likes like a call for more research, passing the blame onto the bees themselves and a way to give a stamp of approval to more sets of chemicals….

Swedish team hope to create buzz in fight against bee deaths


FARM NEWS

Swedish team hope to create buzz in fight against bee deaths by Staff Writers Stockholm (AFP) Sept 27, 2013

Researchers in Sweden said Friday they had developed a new medicine to protect bees from diseases that kill entire populations of the insect in the US and Europe.

A team of microbiologists at Lund University have patented the treatment, known as SymBeeotic — made from lactic acid bacteria from the stomachs of healthy bees — which they described as a major “boost” to bees’ immune system and are hopeful that it could slow down the rate at which bees are dying.

“The bacteria in this product is active against both American and European foulbrood disease,” Dr Alejandra Vasquez, who co-developed the product, told AFP. Foulbrood is the fatal bacterial disease which threatens bees.

“We hope that beekeepers will see this as a good preventative medicine so that they can avoid using antibiotics.”

The researchers, who worked on the medicine for nearly ten years, planned to launch it at an annual conference of beekeepers in Russia on Saturday.

In a statement from the university, co-researcher Dr Tobias Olofsson said it was “the only existing product that boosts bees’ natural immune system”, as resistance to antibiotics grows.

Pesticides, parasites, stress and poor nutrition are believed to be some of the factors causing a deterioration of the immune systems of bees around the world, making them more susceptible to disease.

“The bees are dying and we´re to blame.” TIME´s Bryan Walsh explains colony collapse disorder, and why bees are on the verge of extinction.


A poster of bees and wasps
A poster of bees and wasps (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The bees are dying and we’re to blame. TIME’s Bryan Walsh explains colony  collapse disorder, and why bees are on the verge of extinction.

Read more: http://www.time.com/time/video/player/0,32068,2591408791001_0,00.html?iid=tabvidrecirc#ixzz2cs5CP4oN

http://www.time.com/time/video/player/0,32068,2591408791001_0,00.html

Neonicotinoids are the new DDT


Bee
CC BY-ND 2.0 Flickrbee-photo-666600_jpg_662x0_q100_crop-scale

Neonicotinoids are the new DDT
http://www.treehugger.com/sustainable-agriculture/neonicotinoids-are-new-ddt.html

PLEASE; NOTE: I FOUND MORE ARTICLES ABOUT BEES HERE:

The Newsletter: Bees are worth billions conta.cc/19Nc9yX

myemail.constantcontact.com

Jaymi Heimbuch
Science / Sustainable Agriculture
August 6, 2013

Bee
CC BY-ND 2.0 Flickr

“It’s the new DDT: a class of poisons licensed for widespread use before they had been properly tested, which are now ripping the natural world apart.” writes George Monbiot in an article in The Guardian.

In another massive human blunder, neonicotinoids are already in many of the pesticides used around the world, though we are only just now realizing the devastating effect they have on the natural world.

Researchers now know that this class of poisons is responsible for many of the bee deaths we’ve witnessed over recent years, and was even the culprit behind the death of over 50,000 bumble bees in a single parking lot.

Recent research has shown that the issue is more complex than we thought, with a veritable witches brew of pesticides causing the illness and death of bees and other pollinators. But neonicotinoids are poisons at the heart of the problem, underscoring not only the problem with the bees, but also with humans rushing to use a product with unknown consequences. …

Read more ….

HONEY BEE COLONY COLLAPSE DISORDER- Common Agricultural Chemicals Linked to BEE DECLINE by New Research


Low temperature scanning electron micrograph (...
Low temperature scanning electron micrograph (LTSEM) of Varroa destructor on a honey bee host (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
English: Female Honey Bee Morphology for the a...
English: Female Honey Bee Morphology for the article on Bees. It can be identified as a female by both the number of divisions on its antenna and by its sting. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
A honeybee on an apiary, spreading feromones t...
A honeybee on an apiary, spreading feromones to ‘call back’ her collegues, showing her nassanoff-gland. Location: Tübingen-Hagelloch. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Two drone pupae of the Western honey bee with ...
Two drone pupae of the Western honey bee with varroa mites. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

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Honey Bee Colony Collapse Disorder — Common Agricultural Chemicals Linked To Bee Decline By New Research

Posted: 25 Jul 2013 08:20 PM PDT

Commonly used agricultural chemicals — including many commonly used fungicides — damage and impair the abilities of commercial honey bees to fight off dangerous potentially lethal parasites, according to new research from the University of Maryland and the US Department of Agriculture.

Researchers collect pollen samples from honey bee hives used to pollinate blueberries in Maine.” Image Credit: Michael Andree
“Researchers collect pollen samples from honey bee hives used to pollinate blueberries in Maine.”
Image Credit: Michael Andree

Commercial honey bees are regularly exposed to these chemicals during the corse of their pollination activities — many of the most productive agricultural crops in the world are entirely dependent upon honey bees for pollination, but their numbers have been rapidly falling in recent years for “unknown” reasons.

This new research is “the first analysis of real-world conditions encountered by honey bees as their hives pollinate a wide range of crops, from apples to watermelons.”

The University of Maryland has details:

The researchers collected pollen from honey bee hives in fields from Delaware to Maine. They analyzed the samples to find out which flowering plants were the bees’ main pollen sources and what agricultural chemicals were commingled with the pollen. The researchers fed the pesticide-laden pollen samples to healthy bees, which were then tested for their ability to resist infection with Nosema ceranae — a parasite of adult honey bees that has been linked to a lethal phenomenon known as colony collapse disorder.

On average, the pollen samples contained 9 different agricultural chemicals, including fungicides, insecticides, herbicides and miticides. Sublethal levels of multiple agricultural chemicals were present in every sample, with one sample containing 21 different pesticides. Pesticides found most frequently in the bees’ pollen were the fungicide chlorothalonil, used on apples and other crops, and the insecticide fluvalinate, used by beekeepers to control Varroa mites, common honey bee pests.

In the study’s most surprising result, bees that were fed the collected pollen samples containing chlorothonatil were nearly three times more likely to be infected by Nosema than bees that were not exposed to these chemicals, said Jeff Pettis, research leader of the USDA’s Bee Research Laboratory and the study’s lead author. The miticides used to control Varroa mites also harmed the bees’ ability to withstand parasitic infection.

Beekeepers know they are making a trade-off when they use miticides, said University of Maryland researcher Dennis vanEngelsdorp, the study’s senior author. The chemicals compromise bees’ immune systems, but the damage is less than it would be if mites were left unchecked. But the study’s finding that common fungicides can be harmful at real world dosages is new, and points to a gap in existing regulations, he said.

“We don’t think of fungicides as having a negative effect on bees, because they’re not designed to kill insects,” vanEngelsdorp stated. Current federal regulations limit the use of insecticides during the time periods when pollinating insects are foraging, “but there are no such restrictions on fungicides, so you’ll often see fungicide applications going on while bees are foraging on the crop. This finding suggests that we have to reconsider that policy.”

One of the more interesting findings of the new research is that the majority of “the crops that the bees were pollinating appeared to provide their hives with little nourishment. Honey bees gather pollen to take to their hives and feed their young. But when the researchers collected pollen from bees foraging on native North American crops such as blueberries and watermelon, they found the pollen came from other flowering plants in the area, not from the crops. This is probably because honey bees, which evolved in the Old World, are not efficient at collecting pollen from New World crops, even though they can pollinate these crops.”

The researchers make the distinction that these new findings aren’t “directly related to colony collapse disorder, the still-unexplained phenomenon in which entire honey bee colonies suddenly die. However, the researchers said the results shed light on the many factors that are interacting to stress honey bee populations.”

The new research was just published July 24th in the online journal PLOS ONE.

Honey Bee Colony Collapse Disorder — Common Agricultural Chemicals Linked To Bee Decline By New Research was originally posted on: PlanetSave

Harvard Study Links Pesticides to Colony Collapse Disorder in Bees


 

Low temperature scanning electron micrograph (...
Low temperature scanning electron micrograph (LTSEM) of Varroa destructor on a honey bee host (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Harvard Study Links Pesticides to Colony Collapse Disorder in Bees

Kathy Kuretich
KSBY.com
2012-04-13 07:06:00

A recent Harvard study has a theory on why bees are dying around the country.

It links pesticides to the problem and what’s called colony collapse disorder.

The study says the pesticide imidacloprid, from the class of neonicotinoid pesticides is an insect neurotoxin, and makes the bees leave the hive, or not find their way back.

Since 2006, commercial beekeepers have reported a 30 to 90-percent loss in bee colonies.

The San Luis Obispo County Department of Agriculture said the imidacloprid is widely used in the state and on the Central Coast.

Wade Johnston, of TheraBee is a bee-keeper who builds small apiaries on properties around San Luis Obispo County. He said he’s focusing on raising healthier, stronger bees.


 
A European honey bee (Apis mellifera) extracts...
Image via Wikipedia

Pollinators like bees are critical to our world’s food supply, and their numbers are dwindling. What can we do to help save the bees?

We rely on bees to pollinate over 30 percent of our food crops, but Colony Collapse Disorder threatens the world bee population and the future of our food supply. Plants like apples, avocados, squash, cucumbers, and many other food plants that we commonly eat need pollinators in order to grow.

Luckily, it’s not all gloom and doom! Here are some ways that you can take action right now to help the dwindling bee population.

1. Don’t spray pesticides. Pesticides are a major culprit in Colony Collapse Disorder, and the best way to help bees is to stop spraying the stuff!
2. Buy organic. Support organic farmers who use natural farming methods that are bee-friendly.
3. Don’t support industrial honey. Large-scale honey operations are more focused on output and profit than with the health of the bees. If you’re going to eat honey, make sure it comes from a small operation. You can often find small beekeepers at your local farmers market, and they’ll tell you all about their beekeeping adventures!
4. Plant a bee-friendly habitat. Pollinators need a place to pollinate, and by providing bee-friendly plants in your yard, porch, or window box, you give them a place to just be. Plants like fruit, herbs, melons, and even some trees can attract bees to your yard or garden.
5. Get heard! If we’re going to help save the bees on a large scale, we need to let decision-makers know how we feel. Check out this petition aimed at the EPA calling for a ban on pesticides that harm bee populations.

Read more: http://www.care2.com/greenliving/help-save-bees.html#ixzz1dZlryoOj
Read more: http://www.care2.com/greenliving/help-save-bees.html#ixzz1dZkHcrVeposted by Becky Striepe

Sep 20, 2011 5:05 pm
Read more: http://www.care2.com/greenliving/help-save-bees.html#ixzz1dZlaiJfH

Becky Striepe Care 2 AOL Members Healthy Life Sep.20  2011

Collapse of Honey Bees


Half of all the honey bees on the planet have died in recent years. A startling fact when you consider not only the impact that this has on the food chain and our food supply, but the even deeper metaphor that this represents for our culture. The disappearance of the bees has been named “Colony Collapse Disorder” and one well known bio-dynamic bee keeper featured in the new film by Taggart Siegel, Queen of the Sun, commented that actually the bees are showing us that this disorder is our own.

After watching the film at the recent Bioneers annual conference which offers the most progressive analysis and solution orientation to the global environmental crises we face, I decided to become a bee keeper. Honey bees are one of the few super-organisms on the planet, which is to say that a hive of tens of thousands of bees sacrifice their individual identities to create a bigger whole. The biology of creating beeswax and honey is nothing short of miraculous… Pollination is the tireless and miraculous process in which the natural world reproduces and evolves. The honey bees tireless efforts are literally the erotic glue that produces over 40% of our food supply. There is not a more sacred act of love that exists on this planet, nor one that we more take for granted.

Losing half of all these creatures should be of concern to everyone on the planet. Everyone should want to become a bee keeper, because the world that is left with out them is not sustainable. Not surprisingly, it is our unsustainable agricultural practices driven by corporate profits that has taken us to this precipice. Monoculture farming of tens of thousands of acres and increasingly poisonous insecticides that now act like a nerve gas on bees is responsible for this world wide collapse of the bee population. The chemicals destroy the natural homing instinct of the bees. They go out to forage and cannot find their way back to their hives. Millions of bees are perishing, and hives that are full of food and a queen are deserted.

Corporations are willingly and knowingly destroying the eco-system we live in. Mono culture farms of genetically modified seeds cannot support the eco-systems it needs to flourish, so companies truck in bees from all over the world to do their pollination work for a couple of weeks at a time.  Entire hives die, shrink wrapped in plastic in holding yards. They are given high fructose corn syrup to wake them up, filled with antibiotics that they ingest and pass into their honey. This is how we are becoming immune to many antibiotics. The same process which is creating super pests that adapt to our poisons.

Honey is a singular substance on this planet. It is the nectar of love, the product of capturing light and life that is transformed within the body of a hive. Honey that was discovered over two thousand years old in an Egyptian King’s tomb was still edible. So precious was this substance that for the majority of recorded human life it was never sold, only gifted with love. Honey is so replete with nutrients that it is a rare restorative to most every aspect of health.

The plight of the honeybees is our plight. There could not be a more direct natural metaphor for what we are doing with our love. In much the same way as the bees are lost on their way home, we have also lost our way. Our unwillingness to do the work, to show up and keep our promises to our family and our community is our form of colony collapse. Dedicate yourself to learning how to love more, yourself, your intimates, your enemies is the way home.   Also consider becoming a back yard bee keeper.

Read more: http://www.care2.com/greenliving/the-collapse-of-honey-bees.html#ixzz1dZhzjAj9posted by Wendy Strgar
Read more: http://www.care2.com/greenliving/the-collapse-of-honey-bees.html#ixzz1dZigApVL